Fundamental Insights into Graphene Strain Sensing

Mufeng Liu, Zheling Li, Xin Zhao, Robert Young, Ian Kinloch

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Graphene has been studied extensively for use in flexible electronics as ultrasensitive and wide-area strain sensors. Many sensors demonstrated so far rely on graphene networks, such that the spatial resolution is compromised, and they are unable to measure strain variations on a fine scale such as those resulting from substrate/interface failure. In this study, mono-/few-layer graphene are demonstrated to be good candidates for strain sensing with high spatial resolution to evaluate features <100 nm. The fundamentals of strain sensing–interaction with the target—have been discussed to shed light on the sensitivity and durability for future sensor fabrication. The proof-of-concept strain sensors have been shown to be able to monitor different states, e.g., the initiation and evolution, of crazes. The analysis also leads to the evaluation of interfacial energy and realization of high local strain in graphene that is applicable for other 2D materials for ultrasensitive strain sensing and bandgap opening applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)833-839
Number of pages7
JournalNano Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 29 Dec 2020

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • National Graphene Institute


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