Further delineation of the phenotype of severe congenital neutropenia type 4 due to mutations in G6PC3

Siddharth Banka, Elena Chervinsky, William G. Newman, Yanick J. Crow, Shay Yeganeh, Joanne Yacobovich, Dian Donnai, Stavit Shalev

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Severe congenital neutropenia type 4 (SCN4) is an autosomal recessive condition, which was defined recently with identification of the causative mutations in G6PC3. To date there are only three reports in the literature describing patients with SCN4 with mutations in the G6PC3 gene. We report four individuals with SCN4 who belong to a single large consanguineous kindred. We provide an overview of the non-haematological features of the condition with a focus on the adult phenotype, which has not been previously described in detail. We show that the superficial venous changes seen in SCN4 patients can develop into varicose veins and venous ulcers in adulthood. We review the range of congenital anomalies associated with SCN4. We demonstrate that secundum atrial septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus and valvular defects are the most frequent cardiac anomalies in SCN4. Drawing parallels with type 1 glycogen storage disease, we propose that poor growth of prenatal onset, mild-to-moderate learning disability, primary pulmonary hypertension, delayed or incomplete puberty, hypothyroidism and dysmorphism likely represent features of this syndrome. We also suggest monitoring for lipid anomalies, and kidney and liver function in affected patients. Delineation of the SCN4 phenotype may help in appropriate treatment and management and provide further insights into the pathogenesis of this multisystem disease.European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 18 August 2010; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2010.136.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)18-22
    Number of pages4
    JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2010


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