GaN surface sputter damage investigated using deep level transient spectroscopy

Xiaoyan Tang, Simon Hammersley, Vladimir Markevich, Ian Hawkins, Iain Crowe, Trevor Martin, Tony Peaker, Matthew Halsall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


For nominally identical GaN Schottky diodes prepared by resistive thermal evaporation and plasma sputter deposition, diodes prepared by sputter deposition were found to exhibit a clear increase in the reverse leakage current, which is about two orders of magnitude higher than diodes prepared using thermal evaporation. Defects in n-type GaN Schottky diodes fabricated by plasma sputtering of gold were investigated using deeplevel transient spectroscopy and compared with those in similar structures fabricated by resistive thermal evaporation. From deep level transient spectroscopy two defects were identified in the sputtered diode with the activation energies for charge carrier emission of 0.26 ± 0.01푒푉 relative to the conduction band edge and 0.62 ± 0.04푒푉 relative to the valence band edge. Defect concentration profiles of sputtered diodes show the defect density reduces from the surface to deeper in the structure, indicating that they are introduced through sputtering. Since the sputter deposition technique is widely used in device fabrication, attention should be paid to the adverse effects due to the additional defect introduction such as the charge trapping in HEMTs nand the non-radiative recombination in LEDs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials science in semiconductor processing
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 28 Dec 2020

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Photon Science Institute


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