Gene Panel Testing for Breast Cancer Reveals Differential Effect of Prior BRCA1/2 Probability

D. Gareth Evans, Elke M. Van Veen, Emma R. Woodward, Elaine F. Harkness, Jamie M. Ellingford, Naomi L. Bowers, Andrew J. Wallace, Sacha J. Howell, Anthony Howell, Fiona Lalloo, William G. Newman, Miriam J. Smith

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Abstract

Whilst panel testing of an extended group of genes including BRCA1/2 is commonplace, these studies have not been subdivided by histiotype or by a priori BRCA1/2 probability. Patients with a breast cancer diagnosis undergoing extended panel testing were assessed for frequency of actionable variants in breast cancer genes other than BRCA1/2 by histiotype and Manchester score (MS) to reflect a priori BRCA1/2 likelihood. Rates were adjusted by prior testing for BRCA1/2 in an extended series. 95/1398 (6.3%) who underwent panel testing were found to be positive for actionable non-BRCA1/2 breast/ovarian cancer genes (ATM, BARD1, CDH1, CHEK2, PALB2, PTEN, RAD51C, RAD51D, TP53). As expected, PALB2, CHEK2 and ATM were predominant with 80-(5.3%). The highest rate occurred in Grade-3 ER+/HER2− breast cancers-(9.6%). Rates of non-BRCA actionable genes was fairly constant over all likelihoods of BRCA1/2 but adjusted rates were three times higher with MS < 9 (BRCA1/2 = 1.5%, other = 4.7%), but was only 1.6% compared to 79.3% with MS ≥ 40. Although rates of detection of non-BRCA actionable genes are relatively constant across BRCA1/2 likelihoods this disguises an overall adjusted low frequency in high-likelihood families which have been heavily pre-tested for BRCA1/2. Any loss of detection sensitivity for BRCA1/2 actionable variants in breast cancer panels should lead to bespoke BRCA1/2 testing being conducted first.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4154
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2021

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