Genetic susceptibility to Dupuytren disease: Association of Zf9 transcription factor gene

Ardeshir Bayat, J. Stewart Watson, John K. Stanley, Mark W J Ferguson, William E R Ollier

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) is a key fibrogenic cytokine that has been shown to stimulate fibroblast proliferation and extracellular matrix deposition and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Dupuytren disease. Zf9 is a transcription factor that increases TGF-β1 expression in tissue. The authors previously demonstrated a lack of association between common TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 polymorphisms and Dupuytren disease. Therefore, Zf9 transcription factor represents an additional candidate susceptibility gene for investigating hereditary predisposition to Dupuytren disease. Dupuytren disease, or Dupuytren contracture, is a progressive and recurrent fibroproliferative disease of unknown etiology that affects the human hands. It is often a familial disorder affecting Northern European Caucasians. Genes implicated in the development of Dupuytren disease have not yet been found. Using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment polymorphism method, the authors genotyped a novel single nucleotide polymorphism in the 3′ untranslated region of the Zf9 gene. A case-control association study of 138 patients with Dupuytren disease versus 255 controls demonstrated a statistically significant difference in the genotype and allele frequencies between patients and controls for Zf9 gene polymorphism. Presence of the G allele versus the A allele is associated with an increased risk of developing Dupuytren disease (odds ratio, 1.9; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.2 to 2.9). The authors believe this to be the first report of a positive genetic association study in Dupuytren disease using single nucleotide polymorphisms.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2133-2139
    Number of pages6
    JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003


    • Disease
    • etiology
    • Genotype
    • Hand
    • Human
    • Odds Ratio
    • Risk


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