Geological controls on Pleistocene glaciation and cirque form in Greece

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Limestone and ophiolite rocks are common across the eastern Mediterranean and many of the highest mountains are formed in these rock types. In northwest Greece, Pleistocene glacial erosion was much more effective on limestone terrain where pronounced glacial incision and subglacial glacio-karst processes produced locally-complex topography. This enabled Pleistocene glaciers to form on a range of slope orientations in contrast to ophiolite terrains, where glaciers were strongly controlled by aspect. On limestone terrains, the largest ice masses formed on south-facing slopes, whereas in neighbouring higher mountains formed in ophiolite, glaciers were much more restricted and predominantly formed on north- and east-facing slopes. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-253
Number of pages11
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2007


  • Cirques
  • Glaciation
  • Greece
  • Limestone
  • Ophiolite


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