Germline mutations in the oncogene EZH2 cause Weaver syndrome and increased human height

Katrina Tatton-Brown, Sandra Hanks, Elise Ruark, Anna Zachariou, Silvana Del Vecchio Duarte, Emma Ramsay, Katie Snape, Anne Murray, Elizabeth R. Perdeaux, Sheila Seal, Chey Loveday, Siddharth Banka, Carol Clericuzio, Frances Flinter, Alex Magee, Vivienne McConnell, Michael Patton, Wolfgang Raith, Julia Rankin, Miranda SplittVolker Strenger, Clare Taylor, Patricia Wheeler, I. Karen Temple, Trevor Cole, Jenny Douglas, Nazneen Rahman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The biological processes controlling human growth are diverse, complex and poorly understood. Genetic factors are important and human height has been shown to be a highly polygenic trait to which common and rare genetic variation contributes. Weaver syndrome is a human overgrowth condition characterised by tall stature, dysmorphic facial features, learning disability and variable additional features. We performed exome sequencing in four individuals with Weaver syndrome, identifying a mutation in the histone methyltransferase, EZH2, in each case. Sequencing of EZH2 in additional individuals with overgrowth identified a further 15 mutations. The EZH2 mutation spectrum in Weaver syndrome shows considerable overlap with the inactivating somatic EZH2 mutations recently reported in myeloid malignancies. Our data establish EZH2 mutations as the cause of Weaver syndrome and provide further links between histone modifications and regulation of human growth. © Tatton-Brown et al.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1127-1133
    Number of pages6
    JournalOncotarget
    Volume2
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

    Keywords

    • EZH2
    • Height
    • Histone methyltransferase
    • Myeloid malignancies
    • Weaver syndrome

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