Glioblastoma treatment in the elderly in the temozolomide therapy era

Linda Coate, Mairead Mcnamara, Zarnie Lwin, D MacFaddan, A Al-Zahrani, N Laperriere, C Menard, BA Millar, A Sahgal, C Massey, Warren P Mason

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: optimal treatment of glioblastoma (gBM) in the elderly remains unclear. the impact of age on treatment planning, toxicity, and efficacy at a Canadian Cancer Centre was retrospectively reviewed. METHODS: glioblastoma patients treated consecutively between 2004 and 2008 were reviewed. utilizing 70 years as the threshold for definition of an elderly patient, treatments and outcome were compared in younger and elderly populations. RESULTS: four hundred and twenty one patients were included in this analysis and median overall survival (oS) for the entire cohort was 9.8 months. 290 patients were aged <70 (median age 57, range 17- 69) and 131 were aged ≥ 70 (median age 76, range 70-93). patients ≥ 70 were more likely to receive best supportive care (BSC) and all patients >70 who were treated with radiotherapy received <60 gy (P<0.001), except one. patients aged >70 demonstrated inferior survival (one year oS 16% versus 54% for those <70, hr 3.46, P<0.001). in patients treated with BSC only, age had no impact on survival (median survival two months in both groups, hr 0.89, P=0.75). for those treated with higher doses of radiotherapy (>30 gy to <60 gy), one year survival was 19% versus 24% in patients aged >70 versus <70 (hr 1.47, P=0.02) respectively. CONCLUSION: in this retrospective single institution series, elderly patients were more likely to be treated with BSC or palliative doses of radiotherapy. randomized phase iii study results are required for guidance in treatment of this population of patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-362
Number of pages5
JournalCanadian Journal of Neurological Sciences
Volume41
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Glioblastoma, elderly, temozolomide

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Manchester Cancer Research Centre

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