Goal conflict and well-being: A review and hierarchical model of goal conflict, ambivalence, self-discrepancy and self-concordance

R. E. Kelly, Warren Mansell, A. Wood

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    This paper reviews empirical evidence for associations between goal conflict, ambivalence, self-discrepancy, self-concordance and well-being. The research indicates that goal conflict, ambivalence and discrepancy impede well-being, whilst concordance promotes well-being. The evidence was strongest for ambivalence, self-discrepancy, and self-concordance, and weakest for goal conflict. A hierarchical conceptualisation of the four related constructs is presented. Goal conflict, ambivalence, and self-discrepancy may occur at different levels within a goal hierarchy, which ranges from abstract, high level goals to low-level, concrete goals. Self-concordance is conceptualised as a property of the goal hierarchy, where goals are un-conflicted and facilitate intrinsic motivations and needs. Conflict at multiple or higher levels in the hierarchy may pose greater problems for well-being.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)212-229
    Number of pages17
    JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Keywords

    • goal conflict; ambivalence; self-discrepancy; self-concordance; hierarchical; well-being

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