Governmental goals and the international strategies of state-owned multinational enterprises: a conceptual discussion

Asmund Rygh, Gabriel R. G. Benito

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Abstract

State owned multinational enterprises (SOMNEs) have received extensive attention in recent research in international business and corporate governance, which demonstrates effects of state ownership on a range of international strategic decisions such as the degree of internationalization, foreign entry modes, and host country location choices. Such effects are explained by factors such as SOMNEs’ non-financial goals, corporate governance, and institutional pressures. However, results are mixed and context-dependent, and overall we still have an incomplete understanding of what governments aim to achieve through SOMNEs, and how these goals in turn lead to different international strategies. This conceptual article aims to explore how specific government goals may affect international strategies. We provide a more fine-grained view on SOMNE financial and non-financial goals and link them to key international strategic decisions such as the degree of internationalization, entry and establishment modes, and host country location choice. We review and extend previous literature and identify novel theoretical arguments, leading to an extensive set of propositions. We also sketch ideas for empirical studies of SOMNE objectives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1155-1181
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Management and Governance
Issue number4
Early online date22 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Degree of internationalization
  • Entry mode
  • Establishment mode
  • Goals
  • Governments as owners
  • Host country location
  • State owned multinational enterprises

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