Graphene-based Soft Wearable Antennas

Isidoro Ibanez-Labiano, M. Said Ergoktas, Coskun Kocabas, Anne Toomey, Akram Alomainy, Elif Ozden-Yenigun

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Electronic textiles (e-textiles) are about to face tremendous environmental and resource challenges due to the complexity of sorting, the risk to supplies and metal contamination in textile recycling streams. This is because e-textiles are heavily based on the integration of valuable metals, including gold, silver and copper. In the context of exploring sustainable materials in e-textiles, we tested the boundaries of chemical vapour deposition (CVD) grown multi-layer (ML) graphene in wearable communication applications, in which metal assemblies are leading the way in wearable communication. This study attempts to create a soft, textile-based communication interface that does not disrupt tactile comfort and conformity by introducing ML graphene sheets. The antenna design proposed is based on a multidisciplinary approach that merges electromagnetic engineering and material science and integrates graphene, a long-lasting alternative to metal components. The designed antenna covers a wide bandwidth ranging from 3 GHz to 9 GHz, which is a promising solution for a high data rate and efficient communication link. We also described the effects of bending and proximity to the human body on the antenna’s overall performance. Overall, the results suggested that graphene-based soft antennas are a viable solution for a fully integrated textile-based communication interface that can replace the current rigid, restrictive and toxic approaches, leading to a future where eco-friendliness and sustainability is the only way forward!
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Materials Today
Early online date16 Jun 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Jun 2020


  • Graphene
  • wearable antenna
  • ultra-wideband communication
  • chemical vapour deposition
  • e-textiles


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