Graphene Oxide Substrate Promotes Neurotrophic Factor Secretion and Survival of Human Schwann-Like Adipose Mesenchymal Stromal Cells

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Abstract

Mesenchymal stromal cells from adipose tissue (AD-MSCs) exhibit favourable clinical traits for autologous transplantation and can develop a ‘Schwann-like’ phenotype (sAD-MSCs) to improve peripheral nerve regeneration, where severe injuries yield insufficient recovery. However, sAD-MSCs regress without biochemical stimulation and detach from conduits under unfavourable transplant conditions, negating their paracrine effects. Graphene-derived materials support AD-MSC attachment, regulating cell adhesion and function through physiochemistry and topography. We report graphene oxide (GO) as a suitable substrate for human sAD-MSCs incubation towards severe peripheral nerve injuries, through evaluating transcriptome changes, neurotrophic factor expression over a 7-day period, and cell viability in apoptotic conditions. Transcriptome changes from GO incubation across four patients were minor compared to biological variance. Nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived growth factor (BDNF) and glial-derived growth factor (GDNF) gene expression did not change from sAD-MSCs on GO substrates, but NGF and GDNF protein secretion increased at day 3 and 7. Secretome changes did not improve DRG neuron axon outgrowth or sprouting in conditioned media culture models. Fewer sAD-MSCs detached from GO substrates compared to glass following PBS exposure, which simulated apoptotic conditions. Overall, GO substrates are compatible with sAD-MSC primed for peripheral nerve regeneration strategies and protects cell population in harsh environments.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Biology
Early online date4 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2021

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  • CDT in Science and Applications of Graphene and Related Nanomaterial

    Grigorieva, I., Burnett, H., Cusworth, E., Deaconu, D., Dumitriu-Iovanescu, A., Kang, Y., Little, J., Rees, E., Selles, F., Shaker, M., Soong, Y., Swindell, J., Tainton, G., Wood, H., Astles, T., Carl, A., Chen, G., Richard De Latour, H., Dowinton, O., Haskell, S., Hills, K., Hoole, C., Huang, Y., Kalsi, T., Powell, L., Quiligotti, K., Rimmer, J., Smith, L., Thornley, W., Yang, J., Young, W., Zhao, M., Al Busaidi, R., Al Ruqeishi, E., Chadha, A., Chen, M., Dennis, G., Dunn, E., Gamblen, E., Gao, Y., Georgantas, Y., Jiang, Z., Karakasidi, A., Mcellistrim, A., Meehan, M., Okwelogu, E., Taylor, M., Wang, W., Xin, B., Castle, C., Clout, P., Dean, S. D., Fordham, A., Griffin, E., Hardwick, T., Hawkins-Pottier, G., Jones, A., Lewthwaite, K., Monteil, S., Moulsdale, C., Mullan, C., Orts Mercadillo, V., Sanderson, D., Skliueva, I., Skuse, C., Steiner, P., Winstanley, B., Barry, D., Brooks, D., Cai, J., Chen, Y., Chen, C., Draude, A., Emmerson, C., Gavriliuc, V., Greaves, M., Higgins, E., Mcmaster, R., Mcnair, R., O'Brien, C., Peasey, A., Pinter, G., Shao, S., Thomas, D., Thomas, D., Tsim, L. T. B., Wengraf, J., Weston, A., Yu, T., De Libero, H., Chan, K. C., Tan, Y. T. & Thomson, T.

    1/04/1431/10/25

    Project: Other

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