Growing N-doped multiphase TiO2 nanocomposites on reduced graphene oxide: : characterization and activity under low energy visible radiation

Lutfiye Y Ozer, Yu Young Shin, Alexandre Felten, Habeebllah Oladipo, Oluwasamilola Pikuda, Christopher Muryn, Cinzia Casiraghi, Giovanni Palmisano

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    Abstract

    Reduced graphene oxide (G) was used as a platform to grow a mixed catalyst made of brookite and rutile nanoparticles doped with nitrogen, resulting in excellent performance for the oxidation of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) in water under low energy ( > 425 nm) radiation. The samples were fully characterized by X-Ray Diffractometry (XRD), Raman Spectroscopy, Electron Microscopy, X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), photoluminescence (PL), Z-potential analysis, UV-Visible Diffuse Reflectance Spectrophotometry (UV-Vis DRS), and porosimetry. The improved hole-electron separation, demonstrated by PL, is boosted by the exceptional properties of reduced graphene oxide, which attracts and conveys electrons to dissolved oxygen, in turn initiating the oxidation process. The optimal amount of reduced graphene oxide was found to be 1% w/w based on 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) conversion rates. No leaching of carbon into water was revealed, even under irradiation, pointing to the suitability of the composite catalyst in water.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
    Early online date22 Sept 2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Keywords

    • photocatalysis
    • Reduced graphene oxide TiO2
    • N-doping
    • Visible radiation

    Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

    • National Graphene Institute

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