Growth and Recession: Underemployment and the labour market in the North of England

Anthony Rafferty, J Rees, Marianne Sensier, Alan Harding

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter assesses the recent employment history of the North of England and its constituent sub-regions and cities within the context of broader trends in the UK and of major policy changes in the last two years. This chapter draws on previous surveys of the employment performance of the North and on recent statistics on Job Seeker’s Allowance, and underemployment estimates based on the Special License UK Labour Force Survey. This chapter describes the performance of the North during the long boom (1996 to 2006) and examines changes in the pattern of employment following the 2008/2009 recession. Logistic regression is used to explore patterns of involuntary part-time employment, broader time-related underemployment, and general and graduate-level over-education. The findings reveal that beyond relatively higher levels of unemployment, several of the sub-regions and cities of the North of England also suffer comparatively high levels of underemployment and over-education, suggesting a potential under-utilisation of skills in the Northern regions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGlobal Labour in Distress
Subtitle of host publicationGlobalization, Technology and Labour Resilience
EditorsPedro Goulart, Raul Ramos, Gianluca Ferrittu
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9783030892579
ISBN (Print)9783030892579, 9783030892586
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

Publication series

NamePalgrave Readers in Economics
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
ISSN (Print)2662-6454
ISSN (Electronic)2662-6462


  • labour skills
  • employment
  • unemployment
  • underemployment
  • over-education
  • over-qualification
  • local economies
  • North of England


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