GSMorph: Gradient Surgery for Cine-MRI Cardiac Deformable Registration

Haoran Dou, Ning Bi, Luyi Han, Yuhao Huang, Ritse Mann, Xin Yang, Dong Ni, Nishant Ravikumar, Alejandro F. Frangi, Yunzhi Huang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Deep learning-based deformable registration methods have been widely investigated in diverse medical applications. Learning-based deformable registration relies on weighted objective functions trading off registration accuracy and smoothness of the deformation field. Therefore, they inevitably require tuning the hyperparameter for optimal registration performance. Tuning the hyperparameters is highly computationally expensive and introduces undesired dependencies on domain knowledge. In this study, we construct a registration model based on the gradient surgery mechanism, named GSMorph, to achieve a hyperparameter-free balance on multiple losses. In GSMorph, we reformulate the optimization procedure by projecting the gradient of similarity loss orthogonally to the plane associated with the smoothness constraint, rather than additionally introducing a hyperparameter to balance these two competing terms. Furthermore, our method is model-agnostic and can be merged into any deep registration network without introducing extra parameters or slowing down inference. In this study, We compared our method with state-of-the-art (SOTA) deformable registration approaches over two publicly available cardiac MRI datasets. GSMorph proves superior to five SOTA learning-based registration models and two conventional registration techniques, SyN and Demons, on both registration accuracy and smoothness.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2023 - 26th International Conference, Proceedings
EditorsHayit Greenspan, Hayit Greenspan, Anant Madabhushi, Parvin Mousavi, Septimiu Salcudean, James Duncan, Tanveer Syeda-Mahmood, Russell Taylor
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783031439988
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event26th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2023 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: 8 Oct 202312 Oct 2023

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume14229 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference26th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2023


  • Gradient surgery
  • Medical image registration
  • Regularization


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