Halobenzene Adducts of a Dysprosocenium Single-Molecule Magnet

Sophie C. Corner, Gemma K. Gransbury, Inigo J. Vitorica-Yrezabal, George F. S. Whitehead, Nicholas F. Chilton, David P. Mills

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dysprosium complexes with strong axial crystal fields are promising candidates for single-molecule magnets (SMMs), which could be used for high-density data storage. Isolated dysprosocenium cations, [Dy(CpR)2]+(CpR = substituted cyclopentadienyl), have recently shown magnetic hysteresis (a memory effect) above the temperature of liquid nitrogen. Synthetic efforts have focused on reducing strong transverse ligand fields in these systems, as they are known to enhance magnetic relaxation by spin-phonon mechanisms. Here we show that equatorial coordination of the halobenzenes PhX (X = F, Cl, Br) and o-C6H4F2 to the cation of a recently reported dysprosocenium complex [Dy(Cpttt)(Cp*)][Al{OC(CF3)3}4] (Cpttt = C5H2tBu3-1,2,4; Cp* = C5Me5) reduces magnetic hysteresis temperatures compared to the parent cation. We find that this is due to increased effectiveness of both one- (Orbach) and two-phonon (Raman) relaxation mechanisms, which correlate with the electronegativity and number of interactions with the halide; this is despite κ1- coordination of a single halobenzene having a minimal effect on the metrical parameters of [Dy(Cpttt)(Cp*)(PhX-κ1-X)]+cations vs. the isolated [Dy(Cpttt)(Cp*)]+cation. We observe unusual divergent behavior of relaxation rates at low temperature in [Dy(Cpttt)(Cp*)(PhX)][Al{OC(CF3)3}4], which we attribute to a phonon bottleneck effect. We find that, despite the transverse fields introduced by the monohalobenzenes in these cations, the interactions are sufficiently weak that the effective barriers to magnetization reversal remain above 1000 cm–1, being only ca. 100 cm–1 lower than the parent complex, [Dy(Cpttt)(Cp*)][Al{OC(CF3)3}4].
Original languageEnglish
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 23 Jan 2024


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