Halogen behaviour in subduction zones: eclogite facies rocks from the Western and Central Alps

Lewis Hughes, Raymond Burgess, Deborah Chavrit, Alison Pawley, Romain Tartese, Giles Droop, Christopher Ballentine, Ian Lyon

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    We examined F, Cl, Br and I concentrations and distributions in eclogite facies rocks and minerals from the Western and Central Alpine ophiolitic zone to determine halogen behaviour in subduction zones, and to identify potential host phases that may be able to transport halogens to the deeper mantle. Analysis was carried out on a range of ophiolitic lithologies — peridotites, serpentinites, metagabbros, metabasalts and metasediments — to assess the distribution of halogens within deeply subducted oceanic crust. Halogen abundances in individual mineral phases range from below detection (∼100 ppm) to ∼1900 ppm for F, ∼1 to ∼3000 ppm for Cl, ∼1 to ∼11,000 ppb for Br and from <1 to ∼1300 ppb for I. Bulk rock estimates of Cl, Br and I abundances are variable, but are generally more than one order of magnitude lower than those in altered oceanic crust (AOC), suggesting major halogen loss prior to or during eclogite facies metamorphism. Fluorine, however, can be enriched within metabasalts and metasediments, relative to the heavy halogens, suggesting F can be retained at eclogite facies conditions within the upper layers of the subducting slab. Bulk rock estimates suggest that upon reaching eclogite facies, the subducting slab has lost over 90% Cl, Br and I. Bromine and iodine concentrations show positive correlation, suggesting that they exhibit similar behaviour at high pressure. A lack of any other correlations suggest that F and Cl behave differently to Br and I during subduction. Elevated F/Cl, Br/Cl and I/Cl ratios, relative to AOC, suggest the preferential loss of Cl during shallower depths of subduction. In situ analyses and chemical mapping using electron probe micro-analysis and time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry indicate that measured halogen abundances are primarily hosted within the mineral structure. Overall, our dataset provides new constraints on the available inventory of halogens that can be transferred to the deeper mantle via the subduction of oceanic crust.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-23
    Number of pages23
    JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
    Early online date28 Sep 2018
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2018

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