Halogens in Eclogite Facies Minerals from the Western Gneiss Region, Norway

Lewis Hughes, Simon Cuthbert, Alexandra Quas-Cohen, Lorraine Ruzie-Hamilton, Alison Pawley, Giles Droop, Ian Lyon, Romain Tartese, Raymond Burgess

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Ultra-high-pressure (UHP) eclogites and ultramafites and associated fluid inclusions from the Western Gneiss Region, Norwegian Caledonides, have been analysed for F, Cl, Br and I using electron-probe micro-analysis, time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry and neutron-irradiated noble gas mass spectrometry. Textures of multi-phase and fluid inclusions in the cores of silicate grains indicate formation during growth of the host crystal at UHP. Halogens are predominantly hosted by fluid inclusions with a minor component from mineral inclusions such as biotite, phengite, amphibole and apatite. The reconstructed fluid composition contains between 11.3-12.1 wt% Cl, 870-8900 ppm Br and 6-169 ppm I. F/Cl ratios indicate efficient fractionation of F from Cl by hydrous mineral crystallisation. Heavy halogen ratios are higher than modern seawater by up to two orders of magnitude for Br/Cl and up to three orders of magnitude for I/Cl. No correlation exists between Cl and Br or I, while Br and I show good correlation, suggesting that Cl behaved differently to Br and I during subduction. Evolution to higher Br/Cl ratios is similar to trends defined by eclogitic hydration reactions and seawater evaporation, indicating preferential removal of Cl from the fluid during UHP metamorphism. This study, by analogy, offers a field model for an alternative source (continental crust) and mechanism (metasomatism by partial melts or supercritical fluids) by which halogens may be transferred to and stored in the subcontinental lithospheric mantle during transient subduction of a continental margin..
Original languageEnglish
Article number760
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2021


  • halogens
  • subduction
  • metasomatism
  • eclogite
  • Western Gneiss Region


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