Cartilage does not form in the tooth extraction socket of the normal rat. The aim of the study was to determine if adding BMP-6 to the extraction socket would cause chondrogenic differentiation in the diabetic rat.A group of 8-week-old rats were injected intraperitoneally with a diabetogenic agent, streptozotocin, and a control group received citrate buffer only. Three weeks later, the maxillary molar teeth were extracted and either BMP-6 or saline applied to the extraction sockets. Rats from each group were killed on days 3, 5, 7, and 9 after tooth extraction. In the diabetic rats treated with BMP-6, there was a cellular subperiosteal reaction at day 3 in the extra-alveolar tissues, which by day 7 had formed a large mass of cartilage.Cartilage was induced in the subperiosteal region of the socket extra-alveolar bone following the application of BMP-6 in the diabetic rat. © 2010 Informa UK, Ltd.
- Socket healing