Health risk behaviors in relation to making a smoking quit attempt among adolescents

Ana M. Abrantes, Christina S. Lee, Laura MacPherson, David R. Strong, Belinda Borrelli, Richard A. Brown

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The primary aim of this study was to examine youth risk behaviors in relation to: (a) making a smoking quit attempt, and (b) successful cessation among adolescent smokers. Data were analyzed from the public use dataset of the 2003 national school-based Youth Risk Behavior Survey. The sample consisted of 2,033 students (weighted mean age of 16.3 years, 49.8% female, 73.6% White) who reported a history of daily smoking. While almost two-thirds (63.5%) of adolescent smokers reported making a quit attempt in the last year, only 10% of those were able to successfully quit. Factors associated with making a quit attempt included depression and participating in sports while high-risk sexual activity and engaging in substance use other than alcohol or marijuana were negatively related to making a quit attempt. Externalizing health behaviors (e.g., fighting, drug use, and high risk sexual activity) were associated with decreased likelihood of cessation. Findings from this study may inform efforts to develop more effective smoking prevention and treatment programs for youth. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)142-149
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
    Volume32
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009

    Keywords

    • Adolescents
    • Health risk behaviors
    • Quit attempts
    • Smoking cessation

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