Healthy eating interventions in adults living with and beyond colorectal cancer: a systematic review

V. Aubrey, Y. Hon, C. Shaw, S. Burden

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Rates of cancer survival are increasing, with more people living with and beyond cancer. Lifestyle recommendations for cancer survivors are based largely on extrapolation from cancer prevention recommendations. The present study aimed to systematically review the literature on randomised controlled trials (RCTs) focusing on healthy eating interventions in people with colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: A structured search of electronic databases was conducted in March 2018 using medical subject headings (MeSH) and text words related to CRC and diet. The results of the literature searches were uploaded to online software for data management. Titles and abstracts were screened based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria and data were extracted. Quality of data was assessed using the Cochrane Handbook. Results: Seven studies were identified, including six RCTs and one RCT protocol, with a total of 2233 participants from six studies, of whom 1010 (45%) had CRC. Three studies assessed anthropometrics demonstrating participants who received dietary intervention had a greater reduction in measurements. Six studies assessed changes in dietary components; however, only one demonstrated an increase in dietary fibre. Two studies reported improvements in quality of life favouring dietary intervention groups. Conclusions: The quality of identified studies was variable, with limited evidence to support dietary intervention improving dietary intake in people living with or after CRC. Studies to date have not been based on robust study design that has combined all dietary interventions linked to CRC. As a result of the heterogeneity of the studies identified, it was difficult to draw strong conclusions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-511
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume32
Issue number4
Early online date3 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • colorectal cancer
  • diet
  • rehabilitation
  • survivors

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Healthy eating interventions in adults living with and beyond colorectal cancer: a systematic review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this