Healthy lifestyle is a signal: How applicants’ healthy lifestyle information affects recruiter judgements.

Linhan Yu, Jianan Zhong, Wing Lam, Yonger Wang, Haoyun Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can promote the quality of individuals’ performance in professional domains. Based on signaling theory and similarity-attraction theory, we examined whether information concerning job applicants’ lifestyles can influence recruiter evaluations. In Pilot Study 1a, a field survey revealed that applicants’ healthy lifestyles were positively associated with job performance in the workplace via vigor. We then conducted follow-up experiments, which revealed that if the professional participants (e.g., hiring managers) and full-time employees received information that indicated that applicants had a healthy lifestyle, they were more likely to provide favorable hirability-related judgments via perceptions of applicants’ vigor. Furthermore, recruiters’ healthy lifestyles can moderate the relationship between applicants’ healthy lifestyles and recruiter evaluations, in such a way that recruiters are more likely to evaluate healthy applicants positively when they have healthier lifestyles. We end by discussing the theoretical and practical implications of this research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114148
JournalJournal of Business Research
Early online date17 Jul 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2023


  • Healthy lifestyle
  • Recruiter judgments
  • Similarity-attraction
  • Vigor


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