Hierarchical porous PLLA/ACP fibrous membrane towards bone tissue scaffold

Chen Meng, Xuzhao Liu, Jiashen Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Electrospun fibres have emerged as vital components in developing tissue engineering scaffolds. Calcium phosphate-based materials, renowned for their bioactivity and biocompatibility, have garnered considerable attention in biomedical applications. This study focuses on the incorporation of amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) nanoparticles into poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) to produce electrospun PLLA/ACP fibrous membranes. Subsequent treatment with acetone yielded a hierarchical porous structure, boasting an ultra-high surface area of 94.7753 ± 0.3884 m2/g. The ACP nanoparticles, initially encapsulated by PLLA, were exposed on the fibre surface after acetone treatment. Furthermore, the porous PLLA/ACP fibrous membrane exhibited superior mechanical properties (Young's modulus = 0.148 GPa, tensile strength = 3.05 MPa) and enhanced wettability. In a 7-day in vitro cell culture with human osteoblast-like cells, the porous PLLA/ACP fibrous membrane demonstrated a significant improvement in osteoblast adhesion and proliferation, with a proliferation rate increase of 252.0% and 298.7% at day 4 and day 7, respectively. These findings underscore the potential of the porous PLLA/ACP fibrous membrane as a promising candidate for bone tissue scaffolds.
Original languageEnglish
Article number106455
JournalJournal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials
Volume152
Early online date8 Feb 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2024

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