HLA ASSOCIATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS ASSOCIATED UVEITIS AND CLINICAL SUBTYPES

Melissa Tordoff, Samantha Smith, Elena Lopez Isac, Andrew Morris, Stephen Eyre, Wendy Thomson, John Bowes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Background Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a childhood onset rheumatic disease which is classified into seven different clinical subtypes based upon the ILAR classification criteria. The most common extra articular manifestation of JIA is its associated uveitis (JIAU); particularly chronic anterior uveitis (CAU). Uveitis is a serious complication with the potential to lead to visual impairment and blindness. The rheumatoid factor negative polyarthritis and oligoarthritis ILAR subtypes, often referred to as the “polygo” subgroup, are at a higher risk for developing JIAU, with up to 30% of polygos afflicted by CAU. The HLA region has long been reported as a genetic risk factor for JIA susceptibility, with evidence suggesting that different amino acids of HLA genes infer risk to different JIA subtypes. Objectives Investigate the association of amino acids and genetic variants in the HLA region with susceptibility to JIAU and the ILAR clinical subtypes. Methods Samples were genotyped using the Illumina Infinium CoreExome and Infinium Onmiexpress arrays. Samples were excluded based on 0.9 and MAF >.01 using logistic regression or an omnibus test for multiallelic markers, including 3 PCs as covariates. Independent associations were identified using forward stepwise logistic regression including previously identified variants as covariates. Comparison of regression models was performed using a likelihood ratio test (LRT). Results We analysed 7425 markers within the HLA region in 450 JIAU and 2024 JIA cases without uveitis. The most significant association was to amino acid positions 13 of HLA-DRB1 ( p =2.9×10 ⁻³⁰ ). Conditional analysis on DRB1 position 13 revealed an independent signal at DRB1 position 67 ( p =2.4×10 ⁻⁶ ). Conditioning on all DRB1 alleles revealed an independent signal at HLA-DPB1 position 69 ( p =5.3×10 ⁻⁷ ). As expected, ILAR subtype was found to be associated with JIAU ( p =1.58×10 ⁻⁶ ). We used LRT to test if genetics provided further information above ILAR subtype alone and found that including residues at DRB1 position 13 significantly improved the fit of a model based on ILAR subtype alone (LRT p = 3.6×10 ⁻²⁷ ). The reciprocal analysis, adding ILAR subtype to a model based on DRB1 position 13 alone, did not significantly improve the fit of a model (LRT p =0.83). Exploring associations in the polygo subgroup (n=1646) we found significant associations to the three previously described amino acids and JIAU (DRB1 position 13 p =3.4×10 ⁻²⁰ , DRB1 position 67 p =3.3×10 ⁻⁴ , DPB1 position 69 p =2.2×10 ⁻⁶ ). Conclusion This is largest analysis of HLA markers in JIAU patients to date and we identify two independent associations to amino acids in HLA-DRB1 and a further independent association to HLA-DPB1. This analysis demonstrates that including data on genetic risk factors adds further information to that captured by ILAR subtype alone. It also reveals that the previously validated associations at position 13 of HLA-DRB1 are also correlated with JIAU in the polygo subtype suggesting that genetic risk factors will help refine risk within clinical subtypes. Conditioning on DRB1 alleles reveals that the secondary independent DRB1 position 69 association is also strongly associated in the polygo subset of this cohort. Together these results highlight the potential future use of genetics risk factors for risk classification for uveitis in patients with JIA Disclosure of Interests None declared
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnnals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Volume80(Suppl 1)
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

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