HLA-DPB1 associations differ between DRB1*03 positive anti-Jo-1 and anti-PM-Scl antibody positive idiopathic inflammatory myopathy.

Hector Chinoy, Debbie Payne, Kate V. Poulton, Noreen Fertig, Zoe Betteridge, Harsha Gunawardena, Joyce E. Davidson, Chester V. Oddis, Neil J. McHugh, Lucy R. Wedderburn, William E. Ollier, Robert G. Cooper

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    OBJECTIVE: The HLA 8.1 ancestral haplotype (HLA-B*08/DRB1*03/DQA1*05/DQB1*02) is associated with adult/juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM), but confers a greater strength of association in patients possessing anti-Jo-1 or anti-PM-Scl antibodies. The HLA-DPB1 gene is centromeric to other HLA class II loci and separated by a recombination hotspot. We investigated whether HLA-DPB1 associations differ between anti-Jo-1 and anti-PM-Scl antibody-positive IIM cases. METHODS: Two hundred and thirty-three adult IIM patients (73% females, 49.4 +/- 13.6 years) with PM (n = 89), DM (n = 88) and myositis associated with another CTD (n = 55) and 85 juvenile DM patients (75% females, 6.2 +/- 3.6 years) were compared with 678 UK Caucasian controls. Patients/controls were genotyped for HLA-DPB1 and DRB1 alleles. Myositis-specific and associated antibodies were identified in cases using immunoprecipitation. RESULTS: HLA-DPB1*0101 was associated with IIM overall [22 vs 13% controls, corrected probability (P(corr)) = 2 x 10(-03); odds ratio (OR) 2.0; 95% CI 1.4, 2.9], PM (P(corr) = 7 x 10(-03); OR 2.5; 95% CI 1.5, 4.4) and anti-Jo-1 (P(corr) = 3 x 10(-5); OR 4.1; 95% CI 2.1, 7.8). No significant DPB1*0101 difference was present between anti-PM-Scl cases and controls. The HLA-DPB1*0101 association in IIM overall cases was dependent on the presence of DRB1*03. A number of HLA-DRB1*03/DPB1 haplotypes were identified, but only DRB1*03/DPB1*0101 was associated with anti-Jo-1 antibody-positive cases. CONCLUSIONS: The HLA-DRB1*03/DPB1*0101 haplotype is a risk factor for anti-Jo-1 antibody-positive IIM. Thus, although DRB1*03 is strongly associated with possession of either anti-Jo-1 or anti-PM-Scl, differing antibody associations are observed at the HLA-DPB1 locus.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1213-1217
    Number of pages4
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009


    • Myositis
    • Polymyositis
    • Dermatomyositis
    • Autoantibodies
    • Immunogenetics
    • HLA
    • MHC
    • HLA-DPB1
    • HLA-DRB1
    • Haplotype


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