Homofobia e sexualidade: O medo como estratégia de biopoder

Translated title of the contribution: Homophobia and sexuality: fear as a strategy for biopower

Luan Carpes Barros Cassal, Pedro Paulo Gastalho de Bicalho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


On November 14, 2010: in Rio de Janeiro, a young homosexual was shot by a soldier on duty after the LGBT Pride Parade. To analise the homophobia and their effects as a process of controlled production of bodies and subjectivities in the contemporary, it was necessary to return to the emergence of 'sexuality device' from the eighteenth century, as described by Michel Foucault, and the emergence of 'homosexual' in the nineteenth century. A psychiatric classification that identifies a 'type', with their own characteristics transformed on the foundation of its existence. The assaults that take homosexuals as targets are punishments, named homophobia, working in the reaffirmation of norms, supported by discourses that mark some modes of existence as illegitimate and abnormal. Just like the soldier who shot the homosexual, the elimination of bodies takes place in the name of healthy life, in defense of society. The homophobia produces fear, then kills possibilities, legitimate demands for control and discipline, move economies, empty public spaces, marks a subject as an enemy. Because of the fear, the body- homophobic, abnormal, need to be localized, controlled, destroyed for protection of the individual-homosexual - since he is suitable for the diverse social norms. The violence becomes naturalized and individual matter, while the systematic elimination of differences goes silent. The fear is useful for the operation of the 'sexuality device'.
Translated title of the contributionHomophobia and sexuality: fear as a strategy for biopower
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)57-64
Number of pages8
JournalRevista de Psicologia da UNESP
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2011


  • Biopoder
  • Homofobia
  • Homossexualidade
  • Violência


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