Hormonal control of H-type α(1-2)fucosyltransferase messenger ribonucleic acid in the mouse uterus

Sukhvinder Singh Sidhu, Susan Jane Kimber

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The H epitope, an α(1-2)fucosylated carbohydrate structure, has been implicated in initial attachment of the murine blastocyst to luminal uterine epithelial cells in vitro. In this study, the expression of the H-type α(1- 2)fucosyltransferase (FUT1) gene was examined in endometrium of mice. Northern blotting of luminal epithelial RNA identified a single 6.2-kilobase transcript. In situ hybridization studies showed a signal for FUT1 mRNA on Days 1-3 of pregnancy in glands and luminal epithelium. The signal diminished by Day 4 and could not be detected on Day 5 of pregnancy. The in situ signal in endometrial epithelia was highest at estrus and metestrus and was absent at diestrus. Estrogen treatment after ovariectomy gave strong FUT1 mRNA expression in epithelia, but with progesterone, progesterone + estrogen, or vehicle, no message could be detected. A semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of FUT1 mRNA from luminal epithelium generated large amounts of PCR product on Day I of pregnancy; this diminished on Days 2, 3, and 4, and the product was barely detectable on Day 5. A kinetic analysis of FUT1 activity on Day I of pregnancy suggested a single enzyme with a Michaelis. Menten constant (K(m)) of 0.29 mM towards phenyl-β-D-galactoside and of 1.75 mM towards Galβ(1- 3)GalNAc. These results suggest that expression of the H epitope is regulated at the level of FUT1 transcription and that transcription is stimulated by estrogen in the endometrial epithelium.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)147-157
    Number of pages10
    JournalBiology of reproduction
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1999


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