How to Shrink My FPGAs: Optimizing Tile Interfaces and the Configuration Logic in FABulous FPGA Fabrics

King Lok Chung, Nguyen Dao, Jing Yu, Dirk Koch

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

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Abstract

Commercial FPGAs from major vendors are extensively optimized, and fabrics use many hand-crafted custom cells, including switch matrix multiplexers and configuration memory cells.
The physical design optimizations commonly improve area, latency (=speed), and power consumption together.
This paper is dedicated to improving the physical implementation of FPGA tiles and the configuration storage in SRAM FPGAs.
This paper proposes to remap configuration bits and interface wires to implement tightly packed tiles.
Using the FABulous FPGA framework, we show that our optimizations are virtually for free but can save over 20% in area and improve latency at the same time.
We will evaluate our approach in different scenarios by changing the available metal layers or the requested channel capacity.
Our optimizations consider all tiles and we propose a flow that resolves dependencies between CLB and other tiles.
Moreover, we will show that frame-based reconfiguration is, in almost all cases, better than shift register configuration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages1-11
Number of pages11
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 30 Nov 2021

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