Hyaluronan binding properties of a CD44 chimera containing the link module of TSG-6

Jayne Lesley, Nicole M. English, István Gál, Katalin Mikecz, Anthony J. Day, Robert Hyman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    CD44, a cell-surface receptor for the extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan, can mediate leukocyte rolling on hyaluronan substrates and has been implicated in leukocyte migration to sites of inflammation. CD44-mediated binding to hyaluronan is of low affinity, and effective cell/matrix interaction depends on multiple interactions with the multivalent ligand. We replaced the Link module of CD44 with the homologous region of TSG-6, a hyaluronan-binding protein secreted in response to inflammation whose Link module has a higher affinity for ligand. Monoclonal antibodies raised against the CD44/TSG-6 chimera recognized recombinant human TSG-6 and native mouse TSG-6 and blocked hyaluronan binding to these proteins. Cells expressing the CD44/TSG-6 molecule bound hyaluronan with higher avidity than cells expressing CD44. This resulted in changes in the hyaluronan binding properties characteristic of cells expressing CD44 such as requirements for threshold levels of receptor expression and for hyaluronan of high molecular mass. In parallel plate flow assays used to model leukocyte rolling, cells expressing CD44/TSG-6 failed to roll on hyaluronan. Instead, they stuck and remained "tethered" to the substrate under fluid flow. This result argues that the low affinity of CD44 for its ligand is important for rolling, an early phase of leukocyte extravasation from the blood.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)26600-26608
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Volume277
    Issue number29
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 19 Jul 2002

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