Hyperpolyploidization of hepatocyte initiates preneoplastic lesion formation in the liver

Jean-Michel Fustin, Hsu-Wen Chao (Corresponding)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most predominant primary malignancy in the liver. Genotoxic and genetic models have revealed that HCC cells are derived from hepatocytes, but where the critical region for tumor foci emergence is and how this transformation occurs are still unclear. Here, hyperpolyploidization of hepatocytes around the centrilobular (CL) region was demonstrated to be closely linked with the development of HCC cells after diethylnitrosamine treatment. We identified the CL region as a dominant lobule for accumulation of hyperpolyploid hepatocytes and preneoplastic tumor foci formation. We also demonstrated that upregulation of Aurkb plays a critical role in promoting hyperpolyploidization. Increase of AURKB phosphorylation was detected on the midbody during cytokinesis, causing abscission failure and hyperpolyploidization. Pharmacological inhibition of AURKB dramatically reduced nucleus size and tumor foci number surrounding the CL region in diethylnitrosamine-treated liver. Our work reveals an intimate molecular link between pathological hyperpolyploidy of CL hepatocytes and transformation into HCC cells.
Original languageEnglish
JournalbioRxiv
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2020

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