Identification of a possible association between carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity and interleukin-8 expression

Peter R. Holden, Neil H. James, A. Nigel Brooks, Ruth A. Roberts, Ian Kimber, William D. Pennie

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Hepatotoxicants can elicit liver damage by various mechanisms that can result in cell necrosis and death. The changes induced by these compounds can vary from gross alterations in DNA repair mechanisms, protein synthesis, and apoptosis, to more discrete changes in oxidative damage and lipid peroxidation. However, little is known of the changes in gene expression that are fundamental to the mechanisms of hepatotoxicity. We have used DNA microarray technology to identify gene transcription associated with the toxicity caused by the hepatotoxicant carbon tetrachloride. Labeled poly A+ RNA from cultured human hepatoma cells (HepG2) exposed to carbon tetrachloride for 8 hours was hybridized to a human microarray filter. We found that 47 different genes were either upregulated or downregulated more than 2-fold by the hepatotoxicant compared with dimethyl formamide, a chemical that does not cause liver cell damage. The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) was upregulated over 7-fold compared with control on the array, and this was subsequently confirmed at 1 hour and 8 hours by Northern blot analyses. We also found that carbon tetrachloride caused a time-dependent increase in interleukin-8 protein release in HepG2 cells, which was paralleled by a decrease in cell viability. These data demonstrate that carbon tetrachloride causes a rapid increase in IL-8 mRNA expression in HepG2 cells and that this increase correlates with a later and significant increase in the levels of interleukin-8 protein. These results illustrate the potential of microarray technology in the identification of novel eene changes associated with toxic processes. © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)283-290
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2000


    • Carbon Tetrachloride (CCl4)
    • Hepatotoxicity
    • HepG2
    • Interleukin-8 (IL-8)
    • Microarrays


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