Image presentation in space and time: Errors, preferences and eye-gaze activity

Bob Spence, Mark Witkowski, Catherine Fawcett, Brock Craft, Oscar De Bruijn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) is a technique that allows images to be presented sequentially in the time-domain, thereby offering an alternative to the conventional concurrent display of images in the space domain. Such an alternative offers potential advantages where display area is at a premium. However, notwithstanding the flexibility to employ either or both domains for presentation purposes, little is known about the alternatives suited to specific tasks undertaken by a user. As a consequence there is a pressing need to provide guidance for the interaction designer faced with these alternatives. We investigated the task of identifying the presence or absence of a previously viewed image within a collection of images, a requirement of many real activities. In experiments with subjects, the collection of images was presented in three modes (1) 'slide show' RSVP mode; (2) concurrently and statically - 'static mode'; and (3) a 'mixed' mode. Each mode employed the same display area and the same total presentation time, together regarded as primary resources available to the interaction designer. For each presentation mode, the outcome identified error profiles and subject preferences. Eye-ga ze studies detected distinctive differences between the three presentation modes. © 2004 ACM.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Workshop on Advanced Visual Interfaces AVI|Proc Workshop Adv Visual Interfaces
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2004
EventWorking Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI 2004 - Gallipoli
Duration: 1 Jul 2004 → …


ConferenceWorking Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI 2004
Period1/07/04 → …


  • Eye-gaze tracking
  • Rapid Serial Visual Presentation
  • Space-time trade-off
  • Visual information browsing
  • Visual interface design


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