Image space identification of a motion tracking tool in PET and PET/CT

Philip J. Noonan, Jon Howard, Jose Anton-Rodriguez, Tim F. Cootes, William A. Hallett, Rainer Hinz

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

    Abstract

    Subject motion during PET data acquisition reduces the achievable resolution. Methods to correct PET data for motion often use external motion tracking devices, for example with commercial Infrared based cameras. Accurate spatial and temporal alignment between the Infrared camera and PET or PET/CT is essential. Here we propose a simple and robust method for direct identification in PET image space of the motion tracking tool that is attached to the head to calculate the ground truth transformation between PET and IR tracking space. This is achieved by identifying the set of reflective markers of the tracking tool in the attenuation correction image from either the conventional transmission scan of the PET only system or the CT scan of the combined PET/CT system. The tool detection process can be complicated however, with careful design of the tracking tool, it can be simple. The tool detection consists of applying a threshold to the attenuation images to select only the highest attenuating regions and using blob detection techniques to get coordinates. These regions can be designed to correspond with the positions of the reflective markers. Importantly, due to an extension of the small angles approximation, the accuracy of the tool detection seems to have little effect on the overall motion correction transformation. By mis-calculating the tool position by 5 mm the resultant effect changes a voxel position by 0.092 mm © 2010 IEEE.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationIEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record|IEEE Nucl. Sci. Symp. Conf. Rec.
    Pages2681-2686
    Number of pages5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    Event2010 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium, Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2010 and 17th International Workshop on Room-Temperature Semiconductor X-ray and Gamma-ray Detectors, RTSD 2010 - Knoxville, TN
    Duration: 1 Jul 2010 → …

    Conference

    Conference2010 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium, Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2010 and 17th International Workshop on Room-Temperature Semiconductor X-ray and Gamma-ray Detectors, RTSD 2010
    CityKnoxville, TN
    Period1/07/10 → …

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