Immediate versus water-storage performance of Class V flowable composite restoratives

Masao Irie, Kenji Hatanaka, Kazuomi Suzuki, David C. Watts

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Objectives: The aims of this investigation were to clarify the effects of 24 h water-storage and finishing time on mechanical properties and marginal adaptation to a Class V cavity of eight modern flowable resin-composites. Methods: Eight flowable composites, plus two controls (one microfilled and one hybrid composite), were investigated with specimen sub-groups (n = 10) for each property measured. The principal series of experiments was conducted in model Class V cavities with interfacial polishing either immediately (3 min) after setting or after 24 h water-storage. After the finishing procedure, each tooth was sectioned in a buccolingual direction through the center of the restoration, and the presence or absence of marginal-gaps was measured (and then summed for each cavity) at 14 points (each 0.5 mm apart) along the cavity restoration interface (n = 10 per group; total points measured = 140). The shear bond-strengths to enamel and to dentin, and flexural strengths and moduli data were also measured at 3 min and after 24 h water-storage. Results: For all flowable composites, polished immediately after setting, 14-30 summed gaps were observed (controls: 64 and 42). For specimens polished after 24 h, a significantly (p <0.05) reduced number of 8-17 summed gaps occurred for only 3 flowable composites; whereas for 5 flowable composites there were non-significantly-different (p > 0.05) numbers (11-17) of summed gaps (controls: 28 and 22). After 24 h storage, shear bond-strengths to enamel and to dentin, flexural strengths and moduli increased highly significantly (p <0.001) for all materials, except Silux Plus. Significance: A post-cure interval of 24 h resulted in enhanced mechanical and adhesive properties of flowable dental composites. In a minority of cases there was also a reduced incidence of marginal-gap formation. However the latter effect may be partly attributed to 24 h delayed polishing, even though such a delay is not usual clinical practice. © 2006 Academy of Dental Materials.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)875-883
    Number of pages8
    JournalDental Materials
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2006


    • Bond-strength
    • Class V restoration
    • Flexural
    • Flowable composite
    • Gap-formation


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