Impact of skip mediastinal lymph node metastasis on outcomes after resection for primary lung cancer

Marcus Taylor, Nadine Soliman, Emma Paoletti, Megan King, Philip A.J. Crosbie, Felice Granato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Patients with non-small cell lung cancer and nodal disease are a heterogeneous group with varied patterns of disease. The aim of this study was to assess long-term outcomes of patients with skip N2 disease in comparison to those with N1 or non-skip N2 disease. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of 445 patients undergoing anatomical lung resection for primary lung cancer between 2012 and 2019 with post-operative histological confirmation of nodal disease was undertaken. Log rank analysis was used to assess differences in estimated median overall survival according to nodal status. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was performed to determine whether skip N2 disease was independently associated with overall survival. Results: Mean patient age was 67.0 years (standard deviation ± 9.2 years) and 48.1% (n = 214) were male. In total, 20.7% (n = 92) of patients had N1 disease, 32.1% (n = 143) had skip N2 disease and 47.2% (n = 210) had non-skip N2 disease. Post-operative upstaging took place in 33.0% (n = 147) of patients. Median follow-up time was 35 months (interquartile range 14–68 months). Skip N2 patients had significantly longer estimated median overall survival in comparison to their non-skip N2 counterparts (47 months vs 28 months, log rank analysis p = 0.029) and non-skip N2 disease remained independently associated with reduced overall survival after multivariable analysis (hazard ratio 1.421, 95% confidence interval 1.060–1.907, p = 0.019). Conclusion: Skip N2 disease is a positive prognostic factor for patients with N2 lung cancer, suggesting that lung cancer staging guidelines should consider separating N2 disease into additional subgroups in order to improve prognostic accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107341
JournalLung Cancer
Volume184
Early online date9 Aug 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2023

Keywords

  • Lymph node
  • N2 disease
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Skip N2 metastasis
  • Survival
  • Prognosis
  • Lymph Nodes/surgery
  • Lung Neoplasms/pathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology
  • Mediastinum/pathology
  • Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology
  • Female
  • Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Neoplasm Staging

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