Implementation of behaviour change training in practice amongst pharmacy professionals in primary care settings: Analysis using the COM-B model

E. M. Seston, S. C. Willis, C. Fenton, A. M.K. Hindi, A. Moss, S. Stearns, J. Astbury, S. Jacobs, I. McDermott, E. I. Schafheutle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The Pharmacy Integration Fund (PhIF) was established in England in 2016, with funded learning programmes or ‘pathways’ designed to support the development of clinical pharmacy practice in a range of settings. Despite pharmacy staff being well positioned to provide more clinical work, limited research has investigated behaviour change training targeted at widespread practice transformation. Objective(s): To investigate implementation of PhIF learning in practice, using the COM-B model of behaviour change. Methods: An online survey distributed in February and October 2020 included questions on motivations for learning, confidence in target behaviours and impact of PhIF training on behaviour. The October 2020 survey also included questions exploring the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic. Quantitative data were analysed in SPSS. v.27 (IBM). Inferential statistics were used to compare between the pathways (Primary care pathways [PCP], Post-registration pathway [PRP] and Accuracy Checking Pharmacy Technician [ACPT] pathway). Free text comments were categorised and themed. Results: Three-hundred and eighty-three responses were received (49% PRP learners, 39% PCP learners and 12% ACPT learners). Learners generally had the capacity and opportunities to apply learning, and were strongly motivated to implement behaviours in practice, although learners based in community pharmacy (those on the PRP) were less likely to report receiving employer support. Enhanced knowledge/skills (capacity) were more commonly reported than change to patient-facing activities, leading clinical services and conducting medication reviews with patients with complex needs (clinical practice behaviours targeted by the pathways). The COVID-19 pandemic heightened barriers to implementing practice change. Conclusions: Implementation of a range of clinical practice behaviours following at scale training appears to have been largely successful. Despite this, the community pharmacy context, where funded service opportunities may be lacking, continues to present challenges to workforce transformation plans. More work is needed to understand how training can be implemented to promote practice change for pharmacy professionals in all settings.

Original languageEnglish
JournalResearch in Social and Administrative Pharmacy
Early online date25 Apr 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Apr 2023


  • Behaviour change
  • Clinical practice
  • COM-B
  • COVID-19
  • Pharmacy workforce


Dive into the research topics of 'Implementation of behaviour change training in practice amongst pharmacy professionals in primary care settings: Analysis using the COM-B model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this