Improved mechanical performance of self-adhesive resin cement filled with hybrid nanofibers-embedded with niobium pentoxide

Marilia Mattar de Amoedo Campos Velo, RL Nascimento, KC Scotti, FS Bombonati, Adilson Y. Furuse, D Silva, A Simoes, S Medeiros, J Blake, Nick Silikas, FL Mondelli

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Abstract

Objectives In this study hybrid nanofibers embedded with niobium pentoxide (Nb2O5) were synthesized, incorporated in self-adhesive resin cement, and their influence on physical-properties was evaluated. Methods Poly(D,L-lactide), PDLLA cotton-wool-like nanofibers with and without silica-based sol–gel precursors were formulated and spun into submicron fibers via solution blow spinning, a rapid fiber forming technology. The morphology, chemical composition and thermal properties of the spun fibers were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), respectively. Produced fibers were combined with a self-adhesive resin cement (RelyX U200, 3 M ESPE) in four formulations: (1) U200 resin cement (control); (2) U200 + 1 wt.% PDLLA fibers; (3) U200 + 1 wt.% Nb2O5-filled PDLLA composite fibers and (4) U200 + 1 wt.% Nb2O5/SiO2-filled PDLLA inorganic–organic hybrid fibers. Physical properties were assessed in flexure by 3-point bending (n = 10), Knoop microhardness (n = 5) and degree of conversion (n = 3). Data were analyzed with One-way ANOVA and Tukey’s HSD (α = 5%). Results Composite fibers formed of PDLLA-Nb2O5 exhibited an average diameter of ∼250 nm, and hybrid PDLLA + Nb2O5/SiO2 fibers were slightly larger, ∼300 nm in diameter. There were significant differences among formulations for hardness and flexural strength (p < 0.05). Degree of conversion of resin cement was not affected for all groups, except for Group 4 (p < 0.05). Significance Hybrid reinforcement nanofibers are promising as fillers for dental materials. The self-adhesive resin cement with PDLLA + Nb2O5 and PDLLA + Nb2O5/SiO2 presented superior mechanical performance than the control group. Keywords Cotton-wool-like nanofibersHybridsMechanical propertiesNiobium pentoxideResin cementSolution blow spinning
Original languageEnglish
JournalDental Materials
Early online date10 Sept 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

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