Organic field-effect transistors ~OFETs! with non-Ohmic contacts, e.g., pentacene with gold electrodes, exhibit a linearly growing threshold voltage with increased film thickness due to tunnel injection [R. Schroeder et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3201 (2003)]. In this letter, we demonstrate gold/pentacene OFETs with a low threshold voltage independent of pentacene thickness. By doping the pentacene in the contact area with FeCl3 ~iron-III-chloride!, the metal-insulator-type tunneling barrier was changed to a metal-semiconductor Schottky barrier. Since the injection through a Schottky barrier depends on the potential and not on the electric field, the threshold voltage is no longer a function of the semiconductor thickness. Through selective doping of the area under the electrode, the channel remains undoped, and large on/off ratios are retained.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Applied Physics Letters|
|Publication status||Published - 9 Feb 2004|
- Organic field-effect transistor (OFET)
- Schottky contacts