Improving the Carbonation of Reactive MgO Cement Concrete via the Use of NaHCO3 and NaCl

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The performance of reactive MgO cement (RMC)-based concrete formulations is determined by the carbonation process, which is hindered by the inadequate CO2
dissolution in the pore solution. This study addresses the improvement of carbonation and associated performance of carbonated RMC-based concrete samples via the introduction of sodium bicarbonate (SBC) and sodium chloride (SC). The use of these additives increases the initial pH, which accelerates the dissolution of COwithin the pore solution. The influence of SBC and SC on the progress of hydration is evaluated by isothermal calorimetry and pH measurements. Mechanical performance results are supported by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), which identify the formation and morphology of final phases. The presence of SBC and SC enhances the dissolution of CO2 and improves the content and morphology of carbonate phases, leading to the formation of a strong carbonate network that increases sample performance by >100% at 28 days.
Original languageEnglish
Article number04018320
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Issue number12
Early online date27 Sept 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


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