In defense of a pragmatic view of reanalysis

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Abstract

This paper will defend a view of reanalysis as a key empirical phenomenon in grammatical change (defined broadly as including meaning change), arguing that an interactionist point of view offers independent justification for this assumption. I propose that reanalysis is a mechanism of change that is implemented at the level of individual language users, and which is fundamentally driven by hearers and by pragmatics. Having proposed a Constructionalist definition of reanalysis, I go on to distinguish two different subtypes, according to whether or not the hearer’s mental grammar already includes an existing analysis of the construction that is reanalyzed. Subsequently, I discuss the roles played by context and by frequency in reanalysis, and I seek to place the phenomenon within an overall typology of forms of language change, partly with a focus on forms of change that do not constitute reanalysis, and what makes them different from the latter, and partly with a focus on the relationship between reanalysis and grammaticalization.
Original languageEnglish
Article number34
Pages (from-to)1-34
JournalJournal of Historical Syntax
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Historical linguistics
  • Reanalysis
  • Pragmatics
  • Construction Grammar
  • Context

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