In Situ EXAFS Study of Sr Adsorption on TiO2(110) under High Ionic Strength Wastewater Conditions

Arjen Van Veelen, Paul C. M. Francisco, Nicholas P. Edwards, Julian Frederick W. Mosselmans, Tsutomu Sato, Roy A. Wogelius

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In order to provide important details concerning the adsorption reactions of Sr, batch reactions and a set of both ex situ and in situ Grazing Incidence X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (GIXAFS) adsorption experiments were completed on powdered TiO2 and on rutile(110), both reacted with either SrCl2 or SrCO3 solutions. TiO2 sorption capacity for strontium (Sr) ranges from 550 ppm (SrCl2 solutions, second order kinetics) to 1400 ppm (SrCO3 solutions, first order kinetics), respectively, and is rapid. Sr adsorption decreased as a function of chloride concentration but significantly increased as carbonate concentrations increased. In the presence of carbonate, the ability of TiO2 to remove Sr from the solution increases by a factor of ~4 due to rapid epitaxial surface precipitation of an SrCO3 thin film, which registers itself on the rutile(110) surface as a strontianite-like phase (d-spacing 2.8 Å). Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) results suggest the initial attachment is via tetradental inner-sphere Sr adsorption. Moreover, adsorbates from concentrated SrCl2 solutions contain carbonate and hydroxyl species, which results in both inner- and outer-sphere adsorbates and explains the reduced Sr adsorption in these systems. These results not only provide new insights into Sr kinetics and adsorption on TiO2 but also provide valuable information concerning potential improvements in effluent water treatment models and are pertinent in developing treatment methods for rutile-coated structural materials within nuclear power plants.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1386
Issue number12
Early online date8 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 8 Dec 2021


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