In situ FTIR study of the formation of MCM-41

Stuart M. Holmes, Vladimir L. Zholobenko, Alan Thursfield, Richard J. Plaisted, Colin S. Cundy, John Dwyer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The formation of both siliceous and aluminium-containing MCM-41 has been followed in situ using attenuated total reflectance Fourier-transform infrared (ATR FTIR) spectroscopy together with a range of complementary techniques. Key stages in the reaction are reflected by changes in the intensity of IR bands at 1030 and 1105 cm-1, which are assigned to the internal Si-O vibrations of Si(OSi)3 and Si(OSi)4 groupings (Q3 and Q4, respectively). Assignments were confirmed using solid state NMR. Under the conditions of these experiments, the reaction rate is limited by the relatively slow dissolution of the silica source. The resulting silicate oligomers then react more rapidly with surfactant cations in a co-operative assembly process to give the embryonic MCM-41 structure. Slower condensation reactions subsequently increase the product Q4/Q3 ratio as further crosslinking develops. From an analysis of both the CH3 head group and CH2 in-chain IR vibrations, the surfactant appears to be complexed or micellised at all times during the synthesis.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2025-2032
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of the Chemical Society - Faraday Transactions
    Volume94
    Issue number14
    Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 1998

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