The present work describes the characteristics of 5–10 μm-thick plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) coatings with graded Ca/P ratio generated on titanium of commercial grades I (c.p. Ti) and V (Ti6Al4V) and some of the aspects of their bioactivity and corrosion resistance in vitro in long-term (up to 8 weeks) normal and short-term (1 week) inflammatory conditions. Simulated body fluid (SBF) and artificial saliva at 37 °C were used as corrosive media; inflammatory conditions were simulated by controlling the pH and introducing hydrogen peroxide (usual metabolism product of inflammation-inducing bacteria). Additionally, the saliva was modified with fluoride ions. DC and AC electrochemical tests were used to characterize the corrosion protection mechanism of the coatings. Metal ion release (Ti4 +, Al3 + and V5 +) from PEO coated materials during their in vitro immersion in normal and inflammatory SBF was evaluated by ICP-MS. PEO coatings on Ti6Al4V alloy inhibited the liberation of titanium compared with non-coated alloy both at short-term inflammatory and long-term normal immersion conditions; but the liberation of aluminium and vanadium was greater from the coated than non-coated alloy at both conditions, due to the presence of these ions in the coatings. The PEO-coated c.p. Ti exhibited considerably higher stability with respect to Ti4 + ion release in SBF at all conditions compared with the PEO-coated Ti6Al4V.
- Hydrogen peroxide
- Plasma electrolytic oxidation
- Simulated body fluid
- Titanium alloys