Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need, its use in a dental epidemiology survey calibration exercise

C. M. Jones, K. Woods, K. O'Brien, C. Winard, G. O. Taylor

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) was included in a pie-survey calibration exercise of 18 dental epidemiologists. Nine months later 16 of the epidemiologists were re-calibrated in the IOTN. The Index was readily accepted by the experienced dental epidemiological examiners and each examination was estimated to be extended by, on average, less than two minutes. The inter-examiner agreement of the dental health component using the weighted kappa statistic improved from a mean of 0.53 (moderate agreement) for the first calibration to 0.66 (good agreement) at the second calibration. The mean inter-examiner agreement on the aesthetic component using the weighted kappa statistic reduced from 0.52 for the first calibration to 0.49 at the second. Using sensitivity and specificity to measure agreement on the dichotomous decision of those defined as having a definite treatment need, mean sensitivity rose from 0.72 to 0.79 and specificity from 0.90 to 0.97. It is concluded that dental examiners for epidemiological surveys can be trained to use the IOTN by using a pre-calibration exercise and that agreement on the dental health component improves after the index has been used for some months.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)208-210
    Number of pages2
    JournalCommunity Dental Health
    Volume13
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 1996

    Keywords

    • Calibration
    • Orthodontics
    • Surveys
    • Training
    • Treatment need

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