Indications and outcomes for repeat cytoreductive surgery and heated intra-peritoneal chemotherapy in peritoneal surface malignancy

P A Sutton, S T O'Dwyer, J Barriuso, O Aziz, C R Selvasekar, A G Renehan, M S Wilson

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Introduction: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is offered in specialist centres as a treatment for peritoneal surface tumours. Despite its demonstrated efficacy, intra-abdominal recurrence occurs in 31–57% of patients. The aim of this study is to review the early and long-term outcomes in patients who undergo repeat CRS/HIPEC. Materials and methods: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of patients who had undergone repeat CRS/HIPEC for appendiceal neoplasms and colorectal peritoneal metastases (CRPM) from 2003 to 2019 was performed at a single specialist centre. Data pertaining to both short term outcomes and survival were evaluated. Results: Of 1259 patients who had undergone CRS/HIPEC, 84(6.7%) underwent repeat surgery: 45(53.6%) had pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) secondary to low grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms (LAMN), 21(25.0%) had appendix carcinoma and 18(21.4%) had CRPM. Demographics, intra-operative findings and short-term outcomes were comparable across tumour types and between procedures. Median (95% CI) interval between procedures was 22.7(18.9–26.6) months and was comparable between tumour types. Median (95%CI) overall survival was not reached for the cohort overall or for those with PMP, but was 61.0(32.6–89.4) months for those with appendix cancer and 76.9(47.4–106.4) months for CRPM (p=<0.001). Survival was favourable in the PMP group (HR [95%CI] 0.044 [0.008–0.262]; p = 0.000) and unfavourable in the CC2-3 at index CRS procedure group (HR [95%CI] 25.612 [2.703–242.703]; p = 0.005). Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that repeat cytoredutive surgery with HIPEC can result in favourable survival, especially for patients with PMP when complete cytoreduction is achieved at index operation. We recommend that detailed patient assessment is performed through an expert multidisciplinary team meeting (MDT).

Original languageEnglish
Article number101572
Pages (from-to)101572
JournalSurgical Oncology
Early online date20 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2021


  • Colorectal peritoneal metastases
  • Cytoreductive surgery
  • Disease recurrence
  • Heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy
  • Pseudomyxoma peritonei
  • Re-operative surgery

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Manchester Cancer Research Centre


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