Indoxacarb, an oxadiazine insecticide, blocks insect neuronal sodium channels

Bruno Lapied, Françoise Grolleau, David B. Sattelle

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    1. Decarbomethoxyllated JW062 (DCJW), the active component of a new oxadiazine insecticide DPX-JW062 (Indoxacarb), was tested on action potentials and the inward sodium current recorded from short-term cultured dorsal unpaired median neurones of the cockroach Periplaneta americana. 2. Under whole-cell current-clamp conditions, 100 nM DCJW reduced the amplitude of action potentials and induced a large hyperpolarization of the resting membrane potential associated with a 41% increase in input resistance. 3. In voltage-clamp, DCJW resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition (IC 50 28 nM) of the peak sodium current. Based on IC 50 values, the effect of DCJW was about 10 fold less potent than tetrodotoxin (TTX) but 1000 fold more potent than the local anaesthetic lidocaine. DCJW (100 nM) was without effect on activation properties of the sodium current, reversal potential, voltage dependence of sodium conductance and on both fast and slow steady-state inactivations. 4. TTX (2 nM) resulted in 48% inhibition of the peak inward sodium current. Co-application of TTX (2 nM) with various concentrations of DCJW produced an additional inhibition of the peak inward current, indicating that the blocking actions of DCJW and TTX were distinct. Co-application of lidocaine (IC 50 30 μM) with various concentrations of DCJW produced a reduction of the apparent potency of DCJW, suggesting that DCJW and lidocaine acted at the same site. 5. DCJW (100 nM) did not affect inward calcium or outward potassium currents. 6. This study describes, for the first time, the action on insect neuronal voltage-dependent sodium channels of Indoxacarb, a new class of insecticides.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)587-595
    Number of pages8
    JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2001


    • DUM neurones
    • Insect
    • Insecticide
    • Local anaesthetic
    • Neuronal sodium channels
    • Oxadiazine


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