Inducible interleukin-4-secreting cells provoked in mice during chemical sensitization

R. J. Dearman, L. S P Ramdin, D. A. Basketter, I. Kimber

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    It has been demonstrated previously that chemical contact and respiratory allergens differ with respect to the quality of immune responses they will provoke in mice. Trimellitic anhydride (TMA), a human respiratory allergen, induces in mice responses consistent with the preferential activation of Th2- type cells, resulting in the production of IgE anti-hapten antibody and an increase in the serum concentration of IgE. In contrast, oxazolone (OX), a potent contact allergen considered not to cause respiratory hypersensitivity, induces instead Th1-type responses in mice characterized by vigorous IgG2a antibody production and a failure to elicit IgE. In the present study we have extended these investigations and have examined the capacity of these chemicals to stimulate inducible interleukin-4 (IL-4) production by draining lymph node cells (LNC). IL-4 was measured in the supernatants of draining LNC cultured for various periods in the presence or absence of concanavalin A (Con A). Following primary topical exposure to the chemical allergens, Con A- stimulated LNC from OX-treated mice secreted significantly more IL-4 than did LNC from mice exposed to trimellitic anhydride (TMA). A different pattern of IL-4 secretion was observed following culture with Con A of LNC prepared from lymph nodes draining the sites of secondary exposure to these chemicals. In this case significantly higher concentrations of IL-4 were produced by TMA- treated mice. Detectable levels of IL-4 (> 300 pg/ml) were not found following culture of draining LNC from sensitized mice in the absence of Con A or following culture of LNC from naive mice with or without Con A. These data demonstrate that chemical allergens of different types stimulate discrete and changing patterns of inducible IL-4 synthesis consistent with the selective activation of Th-cell subpopulations.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)551-557
    Number of pages6
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1994


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