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Methods: Nineteen patients with sporadic VS (8 static, 7 growing, and 4 shrinking tumors) underwent prospective imaging with dynamic11C-(R)-PK11195 PET and a comprehensive MR protocol, including high temporal resolution DCE-MRI in 15 patients. An intertumor comparison of 11C-(R)-PK11195 binding potential (BPND) and DCE-MRI derived vascular biomarkers (Ktrans, vp, ve) across the 3 different tumor growth cohorts was undertaken. Tissue of 8 tumors was examined with immunohistochemistry markers for inflammation (Iba1), neoplastic cells (S-100 protein), vessels (CD31), the PK11195 target translocator protein (TSPO), fibrinogen for vascular permeability, and proliferation (Ki-67). Results were correlated with PET and DCE-MRI data.
Results: Compared with static tumors, growing VS displayed significantly higher mean 11C-(R)-PK11195 BPND (−0.07 vs 0.47, P = 0.020), and higher mean tumor Ktrans (0.06 vs 0.14, P = 0.004). Immunohistochemistry confirmed the imaging findings and demonstrated that TSPO is predominantly expressed in macrophages. Within growing VS, macrophages rather than tumor cells accounted for the majority of proliferating cells.
Conclusion: We present the first in vivo imaging evidence of increased inflammation within growing sporadic VS. Our results demonstrate that 11C-(R)-PK11195 specific binding and DCE-MRI derived parameters can be used as imaging biomarkers of inflammation and vascular permeability in this tumor group.
- vestibular schwannoma
- PET imaging
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