Influence of interleukin-10 polymorphism on the development of coronary vasculopathy following cardiac transplantation

C. G. Densem, I. V. Hutchinson, N. Yonan, N. H. Brooks

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: Interleukin-10 (IL-10), an important anti-inflammatory cytokine has been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute rejection and long term graft tolerance. Polymorphism in the IL-10 promoter at positions -1082, -819 and -592, correlates with IL-10 production. Haplotype inheritance of these alleles determines whether individuals are high, intermediate, or low producers of IL-10. We investigated the effect of this polymorphism on the development of cardiac transplant vasculopathy (CV). Methods: CV was defined at routine surveillance coronary angiography as any abnormality in 1 or more epicardial vessels. Recipient and donor DNA was amplified by PCR using primers to the 3 allele sites. After identifying the phenotype by electrophoresis, freedom from CV was analysed by Kaplan-Meier and the log rank test. Results: One hundred and forty eight recipients and 135 donors were studied. High, intermediate and low producers made up 26.4, 47.3 and 26.3% of recipients and 35.6, 48.2 and 16.2% of donors (P = 0.42). No significant differences were noted between the phenotype groups. The recipient and donor genotypes, when considered in isolation, had no effect on the freedom from CV; recipients: P = 0.85; donors: P = 0.52. When the recipient and donor genotypes were combined for an individual patient the freedom from CV was again unaffected; high producing IL-10 allele in donor or recipient: P = 0.76, low producing IL-10 allele in donor or recipient: P = 0.51. Increasing donor age and acute rejection episodes and the presence of a high producing TGF-β1 phenotype were independent risk factors for CV. Conclusions: Polymorphism of the IL-10 promoter region fails to predict the development of CV and cannot be used as a genetic risk marker. This may be due to the effects of immunosuppressive treatment. © 2003 Elsevier Science B.V All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)223-228
    Number of pages5
    JournalTransplant immunology
    Volume11
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2003

    Keywords

    • Cardiac transplantation
    • Coronary vasculopathy
    • Interleukin-10
    • Polymorphism

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