Thyroid hormones influence Ca2+ homeostasis in both skeletal and cardiac muscle. Since secretory cells, like muscle cells, store and use Ca2+ in stimulus-response coupling, we have studied the effects of thyroid status on Ca2+ mobilization and secretion in a model secretory tissue, the pancreatic acinar cell. Hyperthyroidism was induced in rats by daily, subcutaneous injections of triiodothyronine for 8 days and hypothyroidism by adding 6-n-propyl-2-thiouracil to the drinking water for 14 days. Pancreatic acini were prepared by collagenase digestion of pancreatic tissue from hyper- and hypo-thyroid animals and from euthyroid controls. Ca2+-mobilization was assessed using Quin-2 fluorescence and secretion by assaying amylase release. The data indicate that the amount of Ca2+ mobilized by the muscarinic agonist carbachol or by cholecystokinin octapeptide increases with increasing thyroid hormone concentrations. Only in hypothyroidism was this change in Ca2+ homeostasis reflected by a parallel change in amylase secretion. This implies the existence of some compensatory mechanism which stabilizes secretory rate in the face of stimulus-evoked increases in intracellular Ca2+ concentration. © 1989.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1989|